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With biosafety you can understand efforts to reduce or avoid risks that are related to biotechnologies and affect public health, safety and environment. Generally biosafety is formed by such sciences as molecular biology, crop farming, genetics, entomology, ecology, as well as social sciences, which measure risks from social and ethical viewpoint.

At the end of 20th century international community was focused on environmental protection. As a result in 1992 there were established The Convention on Biological Diversity. Its objectives included the preservation of biodiversity and sustainable use, as well as fair and objective use of genetic resources. In January 29, 2000 in Montreal approximately 130 countries signed The Cartagena Protocol on biosafety. The objectives of protocol was to provide protection from such risks of living modified organisms, which can affect biodiversity and its sustainable use, safe movement, processing or can endanger humans health. This protocol includes ,,the precautionary principle”, which means that potentially dangerous activities can be forbidden or limited even before there are proven harm.

Although Latvia has ratified the Cartagena Protocol, current activities in the field of biosafety are fragmentary and chaotic. In Latvia there are made few interdisciplinary researches on biosafety, however, lacks a comprehensive vision of biosafety definition, assurance and control to meet all parties' interests and encourage public participation in science-related decision-making and management.

For more information please visit:

European Biosafety Association